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Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14 November 1889 in Allahabad to a rich family of Kashmiri Pandits. His father Motilal Nehru was a well-known lawyer in the city and mother Swarooprani Nehru belonged to a well-known Kashmiri Brahmin family in Lahore. Because of his immense love for children, his birthday is celebrated as Children’s Day.
Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, who played an important role in the politics of India before and after independence, was born on 14 November 1889. According to people, they had a special trend in studies.
Education initiation of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru attained knowledge of Hindi, English and Sanskrit language by staying at his home till the age of 13 years. In October 1907, Nehru went to Trinity College, Cambridge and from there he received a degree in Natural Sciences in 1910. During this period he also studied politics, economics, history and literature. Bernard Shaw, Wales, J.C. The writing of M. Keynes, Meredith Townsend, had a profound impact on her political thinking. After completing his degree in 1910, Nehru went to London to study law and practiced with the ‘Inner Temple in’. In 1912, Nehru returned to India after receiving education.
Nehru later wrote, “I have become a distinct mixture of East and West, at home, everywhere and anywhere”.
Nehru’s struggle for independent India
Salt Satyagraha, Quit India Movement, Non-Cooperation Movement and many other important movements like this, Jawaharlal Nehru participated by joining shoulder to shoulder with Mahatma Gandhi. In 1928, as a leader of the movement against the Simon Commission, the police charged Nehru and others with lathi.
On 7 August 1942, at the Congress Committee meeting held in Mumbai, Nehru was once again arrested due to Nehru’s historical resolution “Quit India”. This was the last time he was going to jail. This time Nehru’s arrest was for a long time. Throughout his life, he has been jailed nine times for serving the country.
After the 1929 Lahore session, Nehru emerged as the intellectual and youth leader of the country. He has also played his role as an Indian leader with many tortures
Nehru was born into a family of Kashmiri Brahmins who were noted for their administrative abilities and scholarship. His father Moti Lal Nehru was a lawyer by profession and a leader of the Indian independence movement. Later, Nehru became one of the main allies of Mahatma Gandhi. His autobiography reveals his keen interest in Indian politics.
Jawaharlal Nehru as political successor
Jawaharlal Nehru attended the Congress session at Bankipur Patna in 1912. As the situation became dull and hopeless, he began his political association with the Home Rule League by Tilak and Annie Besant. Jawaharlal Nehru met Gandhiji at the Lucknow session of the National Congress in 1916 and he was highly impressed by his gracious personality.
Jawaharlal Nehru became the chairman of the Municipal Corporation Department, Allahabad in 1924. He resigned from this post in 1926 after a two-year tenure. Subsequently, Nehru took over from 1926 to 1928 as General Secretary of the Congress Committee. In December 1929, Lahore was appointed the President of the Nehru Party at the annual Congress session. In the same year, he demanded complete swaraj.
Important session for Nehru and India
In 1935, the Congress Party decided to contest elections. Nehru was not a part of this election but started campaigning the party with the help of Zoro-Shor as a result of which Congress won from almost every province. Nehru was elected President of Congress for 1935–1936. He was arrested during the Quit India Movement in 1942 and he was released in 1945. At the time of partition of India Pakistan in 1947, he played an important role in negotiations with the British Government.
Nehru as the first Prime Minister of India
It was decided that Jawaharlal Nehru would become Prime Minister ever since Mahatma Gandhi chose Nehru as the President of the Congress session in Lahore. Nehru became the first Prime Minister of independent India even after the number of Votto decreased. After this, his critics strongly condemned him, but he took many important decisions in the interest of the country by exercising his powers properly while in his post.
Nehru’s important role as Prime Minister
In 1947, the British government liberated about 500 small and big princely states. It was a challenging task to bring all these princely states under one flag for the first time, but Nehru, with the help of other great men, succeeded in this task. Nehru has a special contribution in the making of modern India. As a result of their policies, development in agriculture and industry can be seen today through the Five Year Plan.
As a result of the ups and downs of Nehru’s political life and the decision taken in the interest of the country, it can be proudly said that he has got the post of the first Prime Minister of independent India on the basis of his merit.
Jawaharlal Nehru, being a Pandit, people used to call him Pandit Nehru and due to his popularity in India, Indians used to call him as Uncle Nehru. Jawaharlal Nehru was the only brother among three siblings, apart from these he had two sisters. One Vijay Laxmi Pandit and the other Krishna Hutesing.
Nehru as an accomplished writer
Away from all political controversies, it cannot be denied that Nehru was a good writer. Most of his works have been written in prison, father’s letters: daughter’s names (1929), glimpses of world history (1933), Meri Kahani (Nehru’s Auto Biography – 1936), legends of history, father of nation, discovery of India ( Discovery of India – 1945) These were some great works written by Nehru’s pen. It is still as popular among the people as it was then.
Decision in Nehru’s interest in the country
The annual session of Congress Samiti was held in 1928-29, under the chairmanship of Motilal Nehru. At that time Motilal Nehru demanded the status of a sovereign state within the British government. Whereas Jawaharlal Nehru and Subas Chandra Bose demanded complete political independence. For the first time here Jawaharlal Nehru was opposing his father’s decision. This was a fair decision for independent India.
According to some people, Nehru got the post of Prime Minister because of Gandhiji. It is believed that only the President of the Congress Party will take over as the Prime Minister. Even after this, Gandhi chose Nehru as the President of the Congress Party, replacing Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and other worthy leaders. However, Nehru has realized the importance of his post and has made modern India by making many better efforts.
Birthday of Uncle Nehru as Children’s Day
Because of Uncle Nehru’s immense love for children, November 14, Nehru’s birthday, is celebrated as Children’s Day in all schools of the country. On this day, different types of competition and sports are organized in the school to make the children feel special.
Death of Jawaharlal Nehru
Nehru made many political, economic and social decisions in the 50s, thinking about the modern tomorrow of the country. On the morning of 27 May 1964, his health worsened and he died by 2 pm.
Pandit Nehru wrote in his will- “I want my handful of ashes to be shed in the Prayag Sangam, which can go to the sea kissing the daemon of India, but the greater part of my ash is taken up by airplane to the fields.” To be scattered, the farm where thousands of toiling people are engaged in work, so that every aspect of my existence is found in the destiny of the country .. “
Nehru was raised very well as a result of his connections with a well-known and prosperous family. Even after this, he was attached to the soil of his country. Due to public love among children, people address them as Chacha Nehru.
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