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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English – Short and Long
Mahatma Gandhi is very famous in India as “Bapu” or “Father of the Nation”. His full name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was a great freedom fighter and led India against British rule like a nationalism leader. Mahatma Gandhi was first addressed by Ravindra Nath Tagore in 1915 as ‘Mahatma’. In view of Gandhiji’s historical movement to protest apartheid in South Africa, a letter was written to him and addressed as ‘Mahatma’.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English (300 words)
It is said that a great man like Mahatma Gandhi is born once in centuries. Gandhiji is also conferred with the title of Yugpurush. Gandhiji’s life is considered an exemplary life. He used to not only teach anyone but used to set an example by himself. The weapon he chose to liberate the country is unthinkable. Before which the British also had to kneel. Choose two unimaginable weapons like truth and non-violence that no one can think of. And thus immortalized him in history as a priest of non-violence.
Mahatma Gandhi’s life has always been different. He was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat (Kathiawar). His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. His father Karamchand Gandhi was a noted divan of the princely state of Kathiawar (now Gujarat). His mother Putlibai belonged to the Vaishya community of highly religious views. He had a special influence on Mohandas. The reverence, devotion and service spirit he inherited from his mother.
From the beginning, the child Mohan did not feel like studying. His early education was completed by Porbandar itself. He was sent to Rajkot for high school education. Meanwhile, he was married to Kasturba at the age of thirteen. He took the matriculation examination from Ahmedabad in 1887. After that, in 1888, he went to London to study law.
Mohandas had a deep attachment to his mother Putli Bai. When he came back home from London in 1897, his mother’s death was revealed. Due to which he broke down completely. Now he did not feel at home. He made up his mind to advocate from Bombay. But there was no success.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi (400 words)
The glory of Mahatma Gandhi, who was named as the Father of the Nation, the pioneer of the independence of the country, is less than that. They are examples not only for our country but for the whole world. There is an idol of truth and non-violence. Like him, Yugapurusha Puri is born only once in the world. The whole world believes and follows the path shown by him.
The full name of the world-famous Mahatma Gandhi by the name of Bapu was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi. His mother’s name was Putlibai. She was a woman of very religious views. Karamchand Gandhi was a famous diwan of his time. He used to dominate the society. Mohandas was the only child of his parents. Because of which they were raised very well.
Mohandas was not good at studies in childhood. He did not understand mathematics at all. Gradually, he also accepted this. But due to fear of the father, he had to study despite not wanting. He was very shy and quiet in childhood. No one could have guessed by seeing them in childhood that this child will create history in the future.
Primary education was done from Porbandar itself. The Gandhi family shifted to Rajkot for Mohandas’s further studies. So that the education of the child is not interrupted. In Rajkot also, father Karamchand was made a divan. I passed the high school examination from Rajkot. Went to Ahmedabad for further education. He was an average student in education. After matriculation, he completed the examination with difficulty from Shamaldas College, Bhavnagar.His mind never started studying. He could not bear the distractions from the family, and left home in the middle and returned home. Since he had to face his father’s anger for this.
Left for London on 4 September 1888. At this time Gandhiji was about to step into his 19th spring. Gandhiji enrolled at University College London, England to study law and become a barrister. This time was very problematic for him. Because while leaving India his mother had vowed that he would never consume meat and liquor while living in London. For this reason, the royal capital was unable to live in London. However, Gandhi also enjoyed English customs.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi (500 words)
The pivotal moment of Gandhiji’s life had begun only when he visited South Africa for the first time. In 1893, when he did not have any success in practicing law in India, he thought it appropriate to go from here. And accepted an offer from an Indian firm to advocate for a one-year agreement in Natal South Africa, which was then part of the British Empire.
Movements fought by Gandhiji
Gandhi in South Africa
In South Africa, Gandhi also had to face discrimination and persecution of Indians. Not only this, he was pushed out of the moving vehicle and thrown out only because he refused to sit in the third category despite being a first-class ticket and protested against the atrocities with him. Also, the driver suffered. This series did not end here. He faced even more difficulties in his journey. He was barred from entering several hotels in Africa.
Gandhi returned to India from South Africa in 1914. By this time Gandhi had become famous as a nationalist leader and convenor and had come to India at the invitation of moderate Congress leader Gopal Krishna Gokhale. And first of all, to understand the current state of the country, he traveled all over India and analyzed political, economic and social topics in depth.
Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha
The movements of Champaran (Bihar) and Kheda (Gujarat) introduced Gandhi to India for the first time. This was his first political victory in India. In Champaran, the British zamindars were forcibly cultivating indigo from the farmers and were torturing them at very low prices, due to which the farmers were dying of hunger.
The Khilafat Movement further strengthened Gandhi’s credibility between the Congress and the Muslims. The Ottoman Empire collapsed during the First World War. For this reason, Muslims from all over the world were protesting against the falling influence of the Khalifa in the Khilafat movement. He returned the honors and medals given by the British for supporting the Indian Muslims. Which had a deep impact on Muslims.
According to Gandhiji, the British were able to survive in India because we let them do so. By now he was established as the most popular leader of India. The whole of India started following him. Using the weapons of truth, non-violence and peaceful resistance against the British, they concocted the Non-Cooperation Movement.
Quit India Movement
As soon as the Quit India Movement of 1942 started, the independence of the country was beginning to happen. Now Gandhiji also gave a slogan like ‘do or die’ instead of non-violence. The British ‘Quit India’ slogan had now reached every street, nook, square and every house. Now the British understood that it was not possible to keep us more slaves and finally on 15 August 1947, the British rule came to an end and the emergence of a newly independent India.
Gandhiji’s dream of seeing free India was fulfilled. He handed over the reins of the country to Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. The country was divided into several pieces at that time, which was absolutely necessary for the country’s interest. Only one person could bear such a huge responsibility – Iron Man Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.