Essay on National Unity Day: National Unity Day is celebrated every year on 31 October in the memory of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the first Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister of India. He is also known as the ‘Patron Saint’ of the Civil Services of India and the ‘Iron Man of India’. Today, here in different ways, we have brought some well written essays on National Unity Day to increase your knowledge.
Also read: Essay on Festivals of India
Short and Long Essay on National Unity Day
Essay 1 (250 words)
Rashtriya Ekta Diwas is celebrated every year on 31 October to commemorate the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who was also the first Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister of India.
Sardar Patel – The man behind United India
When India got independence, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel became the Deputy Prime Minister of India, as well as took over as the Union Home Minister.
When the British left India, there were about 565 princely states that had gained independence and were not in the Union of India at that time. Using his ability or military capability, Sardar Patel did a commendable job of uniting these states with the Union of India. He was very clear in his aim that the map of India should be united from its beginning to the end.
Rashtriya Ekta Diwas is celebrated all over the country with great enthusiasm and respect for Sardar Patel. In schools, special programs are organized where children are told about the life of Sardar Patel, his works and his contribution to post-independence India.
Many senior politicians also welcome Sardar Patel and pay their respects by offering flowers to his statues and paintings. Similar commemoration programs are organized in offices and in educational institutions across the country.
Rashtriya Ekta Diwas is a day to remember the man behind the politically united map of India and to celebrate his birthday. Sardar Patel was incomparable in his contribution to the unity of India and that is less than a day when we can honor him.
Essay 2 (400 words)
National Unity Day in India is celebrated every year on 31 October. The day is celebrated to promote the spirit of nationalism and unity among Indian citizens. This day was first celebrated in the year 2014 and is celebrated on the occasion of birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
Why is National Unity Day celebrated ?
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, born on October 31, 1875, was a freedom fighter who became India’s first Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister after independence. Acting to the best of his ability as the Home Minister of India, he was instrumental in getting 565 princely states to agree to accede to the Union of India. He was unwilling to compromise on the political unity of India and teased the idea of independent states within the Union. Due to his steely will, he is also known as the “Iron Man of India”.
When Narendra Modi was serving as the Chief Minister of Gujarat, he had flagged off a project for the construction of an 182 meter statue of Sardar Patel. Subsequently, when he became the Prime Minister, the Ministry of Home Affairs issued orders to celebrate National Unity Day in 2014. This day should be celebrated only on the birth anniversary of Sardar Patel on 31st October.
Rashtriya Ekta Diwas is celebrated all over the country with extraordinary zeal and enthusiasm. People everywhere pay tribute to the ‘Iron Man of India’ and remember his contribution to a politically integrated India.
The day also holds special significance for the Indian Administrative Services as the person who introduced the “modern All India Service System” was Sardar Patel, formerly known as the Indian Civil Service.
Officers of the Indian Administrative Services gather in the State Secretariat and all other relevant places to pay their respects by remembering Sardar Patel as the ‘Patron Saint of the Civil Servants of India’.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was the first Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister of India. He was the brain behind the political integration of India. Celebrating his birthday as World Unity Day has two important purposes – firstly to call Sardar Patel the Iron Man of India and secondly to remind us of our integration and unity. This strengthens our resolve for a unified India.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s birthday is an occasion to remember his efforts and honor his desire and vision for a united India. He was not only a great freedom fighter but also a great administrator who oversaw the partition of India-Pakistan and the political integration of India.
Essay 3 (600 words)
National Unity Day is celebrated every year on 31 October on the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. He was an Indian statesman, politician, and freedom fighter who played an important role in the political integration of India.
Tribute to Sardar Patel
Sardar Patel was the first Deputy Prime Minister of India, who was instrumental in integrating small states into the Indian Union. Before independence, he was a noted social worker and freedom fighter associated with the Indian National Congress. He led the Satyagraha in Gujarat and was also active in the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Quit India Movement.
Although Sardar Patel was a well-known freedom fighter, his role as an administrator during and after India’s independence has been much more significant. When the British left India, about 565 independent princely states were liberated. Sardar Patel, who also held the charge of Home Minister at that time, persuaded these states to join the Union of India.
He made every effort – threatening some and even persuading many with military action if necessary. He was not ready to make any compromise in his every effort to fulfill his vision and dream of a united India. It was Sardar Patel’s determination on a united India that made him the “Iron Man” of India.
His passion for a politically and culturally integrated India is celebrated on his birth anniversary as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas.
first national unity day
The decision to celebrate Sardar Patel’s birth anniversary on October 31, every year as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas, was taken in 2014 by the Ministry of Home Affairs through an official notification.
The official statement of the ministry said that “the observance of Rashtriya Ekta Diwas will provide an opportunity to re-establish our country’s inherent strength and resilience in the face of real and potential threats to the unity, integrity and security of our country”. “
In 2014, on the 139th birth anniversary of Sardar Patel, programs were organized at many places. Run for Unity was organized in major cities like Delhi, Nagpur and Mumbai. Many politicians and sports persons took part in the celebrations. The Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi along with the Vice President, Venkaiah Naidu pays tribute to Sardar Patel at Patel Chowk in New Delhi.
Commemoration programs were also organized in Indian Embassies around the world. People honored Sardar Patel and remembered his contribution in the integration of India.
Celebrations and Activities
Many events are organized on National Unity Day in educational institutions, schools, government offices and other places. Both the Central and State Governments issue guidelines in this regard to the concerned organizations.
Special commemoration programs are organized in schools, in which children pay respect to Sardar Patel and speak a few words about his wish and resolve for a politically unified India.
The 182 meter tall statue of Sardar Patel in Gujarat was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 31 October 2018. It is located 150 km from Surat and is facing the Sardar Sarovar Dam. Thousands of people from different parts of India visit the statue and museum on Rashtriya Ekta Diwas to pay their respects to Sardar Patel.
In Parliament, tributes are paid to Sardar Patel by the members of the ruling party as well as the opposition.
Sardar Patel was the unifier of India who was single-handedly responsible for its political integration. If he had not had a disjointed attitude for a united India, we might not have been united even today. National Unity Day is a tribute to the Iron Man of India and his resolve.