You are currently viewing Essay on Citizenship Amendment Act /Bill 2019- CAA and NRC in English PDF

Essay on Citizenship Amendment Act /Bill 2019- CAA and NRC in English PDF

Download Essay on citizen amendment bill in pdf for school students of all classes. Govt of India has imposed the CAA & NRC bill CAA (नागरिकता संशोधन कानून) mean Citizenship Amendment Act and NRC (राष्ट्रीय नागरिक रजिस्टर) mean National Register of Citizen to give citizenship to people who want to be the citizen of India if and only if they fulfill the minimum criteria to be declared as the city on India. Multiple variations of the essay are given here like short essay long essay or 10 lines e.t.c Let’s dig deep into this topic for more understanding.

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Essay on Citizenship Amendment Act
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Short and Long Essay on Citizenship Amendment Act / Bill – CAA / CAB

The Citizenship Amendment Bill (Bill) was approved by the Indian President on 12 December 2019. After which it became an act. As the Modi government had promised in the last election, to bring this bill. The government fulfilled its promise by bringing this bill and getting it passed and enacted a law in spite of heavy opposition in both the houses. And became effective across the country from 10 January 2020.

Essay on the Citizenship Amendment Act in 300 words


The Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) is expected to benefit oppressed immigrants from Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh who are from Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian communities. As per the Act, if these migrants living in India on or before 31 December 2014, they will be granted Indian citizenship.

Is CAA applicable in all states of India?

Before the CAA came into effect, it was mandatory for these illegal migrants to remain in the country for at least 11 years to be able to apply for citizenship. The CAA has now reduced this period of residency to 5 years.

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The Citizenship Amendment Act will not apply to the tribal areas of Tripura, Assam, Meghalaya, and Mizoram, as these areas come under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution. Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland will also be excluded from the CAA as these states have an Inner Line Permit regime.

Why was the Citizenship Amendment Act criticized?

Major opposition parties led protests against the CAA. He pointed out that the act was discriminatory and unrestful as immigrants from Muslim communities were excluded from the list of beneficiaries.

The Government of India clarified that the Act proposed to provide relief to oppressed minorities in the Islamic countries of Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan. Since Muslims do not fall under the category of oppressed communities there, the Act does not cover them.

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There were also widespread protests in the northeastern states of India. The protesters are of the opinion that these illegal immigrants will break the economic, social and political fabric of the northeastern states. They can also be a threat to the employment opportunities of residents living in these areas.

Essay on Citizenship Amendment Bill 400 words


In the context of CAA, the statement of Bharatiya Janata Party President and Home Minister Amit Shah came, “Today I want to say to the Opposition who are questioning our party’s secularism that your secularism is very limited and our very broad.

Bringing those who are suffering and torture is an explanation of our secularism and your secularism is limited to only one religion. “

The confusion of many was resolved after listening to his statement. Riots erupted in many states to protest against this. Without knowing the truth, many Muslim brothers only helped to provoke the riots.

Citizenship Amendment Law – An Overview

The Citizenship Amendment Bill was approved by President Shri Ram Nath Kovind on December 12, 2019. Only after which it became law. The bill was passed by Lok Sabha on 9 December and Rajya Sabha on 11 December. This act will be engraved with golden letters in the pages of history and will prove to be a boon for millions of refugees suffering from those religious atrocities.

The Act deals with granting citizenship of India to religious minorities who have been tortured in Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. Hindus, Sikhs, Parsis, Buddhists, etc. have been treated badly in these countries for the last several years. These people have suffered not only physical but also mental torture. Therefore, those who follow these religions keep coming to India from time to time. There is no respect in their own country, our great country, embraces it as well.

Ideally, those refugees have no right to come and stay in India, nor do any documents confirm this. There is no way for the citizens of India to get citizenship in India due to no concrete document. Due to which they are deprived of the facilities available to the citizens of India.

Discriminating on the basis of religiosity is extremely shameful. Which is a violation of the human rights of any human, irrespective of any country? According to the statistics of the National Assembly of Pakistan, more than five thousand displaced Hindus come to India every year.

Our neighboring countries forcibly convert minorities, especially Hindus, and are treated in a very inhumane manner if they are not accepted. They all flee to India to get rid of all these hellish lives.


Its objectives and reasons clearly stated that such refugees who have entered India before 31 December 2014 need special statutory arrangements for their citizenship-related subjects.

Essay on CAA & NRC 500 words


Essay on CAA

The Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) amends the status of illegal immigrants in India. This is particularly beneficial for Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian migrants from Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Pakistan, who are living in the country without any valid documents. All such immigrants, who have faced religious persecution in their native countries and later migrated to India by December 2014, will be granted Indian citizenship.

Earlier, immigrants belonging to these three countries and six religions were mandated to remain in India for at least 11 years before being approved for Indian citizenship. Now, the law has been amended so that the period of residence is only 5 years.

Is the Citizenship Amendment Act applicable to all states?

The CAA does not apply to those areas which fall under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution, i.e., the tribal areas of Tripura, Assam, Meghalaya, and Mizoram, in states like Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, and Nagaland, the Inner Permit regime is also excluded from the Act. is kept.

Why has the CAA been criticized by opposition parties?

India’s major opposition parties highlighted that the law is discriminatory as Muslims are not included in the list of immigrant communities that may benefit from the Act.

The opposition indicated that Muslims constitute around 15% of the Indian population, and the act excludes immigrants from that community. Therefore, it was criticized for being uneven.

The Indian government clarified that Muslims were not persecuted in the Islamic countries of Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh. The government said that the Act specifically provides relief to persecuted minorities; Therefore, Muslims were not included in the list of beneficiaries.

After partition, people belonging to different religions have been residents of these three countries and also terrorized due to religious enmity. His right to practice and propagate the religion of his choice has been doomed for years. Such oppressed communities have taken refuge in India for a very long time. The government is seeking relief through the CAA.

The government can also examine applications from other communities and assess the validity of these requests on a case by case basis.

What kind of criticism did the Act get from the citizens of India?

Various political parties have opposed the act and stated that the proposal confers citizenship on the basis of religion. Indian citizens (especially students) have also resorted to protests across the country. Protests in Meghalaya, Assam, Mizoram, Sikkim, Nagaland, Tripura and Manipur have attracted media attention.

The protesters of these northeastern states are of the opinion that these illegal immigrants would be a burden to the resources of these states and would also jeopardize employment opportunities for the existing citizens. He has also stated that the Act is not in conformity with the Assam Accord of 1985 which states the cut-off date of deportation of all migrants who have entered India illegally on 24 March 1971.


The Ministry of Home Affairs has not yet notified the rules that will make the Act operational. There are several petitions against the Act which are to be heard in the Supreme Court in January 2020.

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