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Essay on Fundamental Rights in english (All Class) 1500+ pdf

Get here essay on Fundamental Rights in English for school students of class 1, 2, 3,4 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12 in pdf format. Fundamental rights are given to every citizen of India. these are made to protect the rights of every person and maintaining equality through the country. Here various types of article like short and long paragraphs along with ten lines are available for everyone.

Also read: How to write essay in english

Essay on Fundamental Rights – Short and long

Fundamental rights are an integral part of the Indian Constitution. The basic human rights of all citizens are defined as fundamental rights. Part-III of the Constitution states that any person is given these rights by not discriminating on the basis of gender, caste, religion, creed or place of birth. These are enforced by the courts subject to precise restrictions.

Essay on Fundamental Rights

Essay on Fundamental Rights 300 words


After the American War of Independence and the French Revolution, there was a need to provide fundamental rights to the citizens.

Also read: Importance of education

Fundamental Rights historical background

The Declaration of Rights of Man was adopted by the French National Assembly in 1789. The US Constitution also included a section on Fundamental Rights. The General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which was created in December 1948.

The Nehru Committee report came out in 1928 suggested the covering of cultural and religious rights as fundamental rights of the Indian citizen. The Simon Commission, however, did not support this idea of including fundamental rights in the Constitution. At the session held in Karachi in 1931, the Indian National Congress again sought a written assurance for fundamental rights in the future constitutional system in India. Later in the second round table conference, Mahatma Gandhi demanded a guarantee for the protection of Indian culture, language, script, profession, education and religious practices and to protect the rights of minorities.


The right to equality is considered to be as a concrete step towards democracy in the Republic of India. Indian citizens are being assured through these fundamental rights that they can live their lives in harmony as long as they live in Indian democracy.

Also read: Essay on Constitution of india

Essay on Fundamental Rights 400 Words


Fundamental rights enshrined in the Indian constitution are one way to ensure that people live a decent life in the country.

Fundamental Rights (Fundamental Rights) of specific symptoms

Fundamental rights are not specific they are made keeping in mind the rights of the citizen and social security here are few human rights:

  • All fundamental rights can be suspended. The right to freedom is automatically suspended during an emergency in the interests of the security and integrity of the country.
  • Fundamental rights can be amended but not abolished.
  • Fundamental rights are both positive and negative. Negative rights prevent the country from doing certain things. It prevents the country from discriminating.
  • Some rights are available against the country. Some rights are available against individuals.
  • Fundamental rights are political and social in nature.
  • Each authority deals with certain duties.
  • Fundamental rights have a broad view and protect our social, economic, cultural and religious interests.
  • They are an integral part of the constitution.
  • Fundamental rights are an essential part of our Constitution.
  • Twenty-four articles are included with these basic rights.
  • Parliament can amend Fundamental Rights through a special process.
  • The fundamental right is intended to restore collective interest along with individual interest.


It is a matter to remember that the constitution has expanded the rights to a large extent and the courts of law do not include bending and breaking duties as per their convenience.

Essay on Fundamental Rights 500 Words


The Constitution of India guarantees its citizens fundamental rights and citizens may have the right to speech and expression but there are some restrictions and exceptions associated with these rights.

Ban on the fundamental right

A citizen cannot fully exercise Fundamental Rights but with certain constitutional restrictions the same citizen can enjoy his rights. The Constitution also introduced limiting factors on these rights so that public order, morality and health rate remain intact.

The constitution always protects individual interests as well as communal interests. For example, the right to religion is subject to limitations by the state in public order, morality and health interests so that freedom of religion is not used to commit crimes or anti-social activities.

Similarly, rights are not guaranteed by Article-19. Full personal rights cannot be assured of any current situation. Therefore our constitution has empowered the country to enforce proper boundaries as it is necessary for the interest of the community.

Our Constitution seeks to strike a balance between personal freedom and social control and establish a welfare state where communal interest places importance on individual interests.

Freedom of the press, which entails widespread freedom of expression, is also subjected to reasonable limits and the government may impose restrictions on the freedom of the press in the better interests of the country or to avoid contempt, defamation or harassment of the court.

The concern of maintaining peace and harmony in a multi-religious can be understood by taking into account the socio-political circumstances prevailing in 1972 – when Bangladesh’s war of independence was over and the country was still trying to overcome the refugee encroachment. During that time, local and regional parties like Shiv Sena and Asom Gana Parishad were becoming more discontented and religious and cultural organizations like RSS and Jamaat-e-Islami had become violent. Still, it cannot be denied that the Government of India has shown greater response to the implementation of the section of IPC in dealing with these.


No freedom can be unconditional or completely unrestricted. Although it is necessary to maintain and protect freedom of speech and expression in a democracy, it is necessary to impose some restrictions on this freedom for the maintenance of social conduct. Accordingly, under Article 19 (2), the government can impose practical restrictions on the exercise of the right to freedom of speech and expression or in the contempt of court in the interest of protecting the public order, sovereignty and integrity of India.

Essay on Fundamental Rights 600 Words


There are certain basic rights which are renowned as being fundamental to human existence and important to human expansion. In the absence of these rights, the existence of any man would be useless. Thus, when political institutions were formed, their role and responsibility were mainly focused on living people (especially minorities) with the right to equality, respect and religious freedom.

Classification of Fundamental Rights

Fundamental rights are classified into 6 categories. Here are:

  1. Right to equality
  2. Right to freedom
  3. Right against exploitation
  4. Right to freedom of religion
  5. Cultural and educational rights
  6. Right to take the constitutional remedy

Let’s check out the 6 fundamental rights:

Right to equality

This includes equality before the law which means equal protection of the law on the basis of caste, creed, colour or gender, ban on public employment, untouchability and abolition of title.

In order to provide equal opportunities, there will be no reservation in the services of the government to the widows and physically challenged persons except the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other backward classes.

Right to freedom

This includes freedom of speech, freedom of speech, freedom to form unions and allies and freedom to travel anywhere in India, freedom to live and settle in any part of India, and freedom to choose a profession.

Under this right, it has also been said that any citizen of India has full right to buy, sell and maintain the property in any part of the country. People are at liberty to engage in any trade or occupation. This right also defines that a person cannot be convicted twice for the same crime and cannot be forced to stand as a witness against himself.

Right against exploitation

Children under the age of 14 are not allowed to work in mines or factories where life risk is involved. The minimum payment for wages is defined and no compromise is allowed in this regard.

Right to freedom of religion

It states that there will be complete freedom of conscience for all citizens of India. All shall have the right to freely adopt, practice and spread the religion of their choice and the Central and State Government shall not in any way obstruct any religious matters. All religions will have the right to establish and maintain institutions for religious and charitable purposes and will be free to manage their own affairs in relation to these.

Cultural and educational rights

It is one of the most important rights because education is considered as the primary right of every child. According to the cultural right, every country should safeguard and preserve their cultural heritage.

Right to take the constitutional remedy

According to this right, every citizen has the power to go to court. If any of the above fundamental rights were not upheld then the court stands as a guard against the violation of these rights. If in any case, the government commits injustice to a person by force or willfully or if a person is imprisoned for no reason or illegal act then the right to take constitutional remedy is to go to court and get justice against the government’s actions Allows to do.


Fundamental rights play an important role in the lives of citizens. These rights helps us taking good decision at the time of complexity and maintaining law in-country.

Fundamental rights

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