Essay on freedom fighters in English is available here for Class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. Here in this article, we have listed the information on top freedom fighters of India who fought for freedom and died for their motherland. With the help of multiple compositionrs like 100 words, 150 words, 200, words up to 500 words are available here. Also, for all those who want short essay on freedom fighter or 10 lines can get it from this page too.
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Essay on freedom fighters in English – Long / Short
India is a great country. But the main reason behind the situation in which we are today and known as a developing country in the world is the rule of the British rule of more than 200 years, who came to India as a businessman and But taking advantage of the weaknesses of the Indian rulers started ruling here. Who used India as just a colonial trading house during his reign. Persecuted the Indians and forced them to live as slaves. But when this atrocity reached its peak, the Indians started opposing the British.
100 words Essay on Freedom Fighters – Class 1
Freedom fighters play a very important role in making any country independent. These are the people who put their whole heart and life to liberate the country. There have been many freedom fighters in India like Mahatma Gandhi, Bhagat Singh, Maharana Pratap, Rani of Jhansi, who laid down their lives for the independence of the country. All those who directly and indirectly cooperate to liberate the country are called freedom fighters. Some freedom fighters were warm and full of guilt and had chosen the path of violence to make the country independent, on the other hand, many freedom fighters were of a calm nature and they liberated the country by following the path of non-violence and truth.
It is due to freedom fighters that our India is free and we are citizens of an independent India. It was from his thoughts that a wave of revolution ran in the country and every person indirectly played the role of freedom fighter. We should all respect these great people wholeheartedly and never forget their sacrifice for the country. Freedom fighters have faced many tortures and hardships and we have got this freedom in exchange for their blood. Some freedom fighters became famous, some names remained anonymous, but they all got us freedom, due to which, even after dying, they are still alive in the bomb. His name is written in history with golden letters.
Essay on Freedom Fighters for Class 3, 4, 5
The spirit of patriotism among the freedom fighters was filled immensely. They taught all of us a brotherhood lesson and got India liberated together. We all should remember them respectfully and follow the path shown by them.
1. Shaheed Udham Singh
Shaheed Udham Singh was born on July 31, 1899, in Sangrur District, Punjab, India. Thousands of people were shot to death by British police at Jallianwala Bagh at the behest of General Dyer. To avenge this, Shaheed Udham Singh killed General Dyer (Michael O’Dwyer) in London. Due to this, he was hanged on July 31, 1940.
2. Lala Lajpat Rai
Lala Lajpat Rai was born on 28 January 1865 in Jagraon India. He was a great Indian freedom fighter who contributed greatly to the freedom struggle. He started the Punjab Kesari Patrika, due to which Indians were always inspired. He died on 17 November 1928 in Lahore.
3. Rani of Jhansi (Laxmi Bai)
Rani of Jhansi was born on 19 November 1928 in Kashi, India. He faced the British rule fiercely and contributed significantly to the Revolt of 1857 . Rani Laxmi Bai died on 17 June 1858 in Gwalior, facing British rule.
4. Tatya Tope
Tatya Tope was born Ramchandra Panduranga. He was born in 1814 in a Brahmin family in Aola, Nashik. He played a limitless role in the Revolt of 1857 by holding the post of General. He was hanged at Shivpuri on 18 April 1859.
5. Mahatma Gandhi
All of them are affectionately called “Bapu”. He was born on 2 October 1869 at a place called Porbandar in Gujarat. They have a big contribution in making the country free.
Bapu Quit India Movement, Non-Cooperation Movement, Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha, Khilafat Movement to liberate our country. He gave the slogan of “do or die”. He asked them to follow the path of non-violence.
Also read: Essay on Mahatma Gandhi
6. Subhash Chandra Bose
We call them affectionately as “Netaji”. He was born on January 23, 1897, in Cuttack, Odisha. He founded the “Azad Hind Fauj” to liberate the country. He left high jobs like ICS to serve the country.
You gave your famous slogan “Give me blood! I will give you freedom ”He gave the slogan of“ Walk to Delhi ”. Mahatma Gandhi and Subhash Chandra Bose both wanted freedom for the country but Subhash Chandra Bose was a “hot party” fighter. He did not agree with Mahatma Gandhi’s “non-violence policy”. Because of this, he went to Germany and also met Hitler.
Also read: Essay on Subhash Chandra Bose
7. Gopal Krishna Gokhale
Gopal Krishna Gokhale was a social reformer and a political leader during the Indian independence movement. He was born on May 9, 1866, in Kothaluk, Ratnagiri District, Maharashtra, India. Gokhale was a senior leader of the INC and the founder of the Servants of India Society.
He was the leader of the Congress Party’s liberal faction that advocated reforms by working with existing government institutions. He died on 19 February 1915, in Mumbai, India.
8. Shaheed Bhagat Singh
He was born on 27 September 1907 in Punjab. They wanted to do something for the country since childhood. They were full of patriotic feelings since childhood. He asked the youth of Punjab to participate in the freedom movement of India.
He, along with Sukhdev, Rajguru, carried out the “Lahore Conspiracy”. On 8 April 1929, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw a bomb in the Legislative Assembly. He did not attempt to kill anyone and arrested himself. He was hanged on 23 March 1931.
9. Raj Guru
His full name was Shivram Raj Guru. He was born on 24 August 1908 in Maharashtra. He had a major role in the Indian independence movement. He was a resident of Maharashtra. He killed a British police officer in Lahore in 1928.
Lala Lajpat Rai died a day before that due to which he took the revenge action. He was then caught and hanged along with Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev on 23 March 1931.
10. Sukhdev Thapar
Shaheed Sukhdev Thapar was an Indian revolutionary. He was born on 15 May 1907, in Ludhiana Punjab British India. He was a senior member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. He participated in many works with Bhagat Singh and Shivram Rajguru and was hanged on 23 March 1931 at the age of 23 by the British authorities along with Bhagat Singh and Raj Guru.
11. Ram Prasad Bismil
He was a great Indian revolutionary. He was born on 11 June 1897 in Jahanpur, India. He participated in the Mainpuri Conspiracy of 1918, and the Kakori Conspiracy of 1925, and fought against British imperialism. Along with being a freedom fighter, he was also a patriotic poet and wrote in Hindi and Urdu using the names Kalam, Ram, Ayat and Bismil.
However, he became popular at the last moment under the name “Bismil”. He was associated with Arya Samaj where he was inspired by the book Satyarth Prakash, written by Swami Dayanand Saraswati. On 19 December 1927, he became popular as “Bismil” at the last minute. He was associated with Arya Samaj where he was inspired by the book Satyarth Prakash, written by Swami Dayanand Saraswati. On 19 December 1927, he was hanged in Gonda jail two days before. Also read – Birsa Munda’s adventure story and history Birsa Munda history and story in Hindi
12. Khudiram Bose
Khudiram Bose (Khudiram Basu) was an Indian revolutionary who opposed the British rule of India. He was born on 3 December 1889 in Midnapore, Bengal. For his role in the Muzaffarpur conspiracy case along with Prafulla Chaki, he was sentenced to death and later hanged, making him one of the youngest martyrs of the Indian independence movement.
Khudiram, along with Prafulla Chaki, attempted to assassinate the British judge, Magistrate Douglas Kingsford, throwing a bomb at the car. Magistrate Kingsford, sitting in a different vehicle, did not succeed in the bombing but two British women were killed. Khudiram was arrested for the murder of two women and eventually sentenced to death. He was hanged on 11 August 1908 in Muzaffarpur, Bengal.
13. Ashfaq Ulla Khan
He was born on 22 October 1900 in Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh. He was a revolutionary active in the independence movement of India. He played the lead role in Kakori Kand. The British government impeached him and he was hanged in Faizabad jail on 19 December 1927. On the first night of his execution, he wrote this poem-
I will go empty-handed but this pain will go along; know what day India will be called Azad Watan.
Bismil is a Hindu, he says, I will come again and again. Take a new born mother India! I will liberate you.
Yes, I should also say, but I am bound by religion; I am a Muslim, I am not able to say about rebirth.
Yes, if God is found somewhere, I will spread my bag; Instead of heaven, I will ask for a new birth.
14. Dr. Rajendra Prasad
He was born on 3 December 1884 in Jiradei, Bihar. His name is prominent among the freedom fighters of the country. He was made the first President of India. He played a prominent role as the Indian National Congress. They also call him “Deshratna”.
Also Read: Essay on Dr. Rajendra Prasad
15. Rani Lakshmi Bai
She was the queen of Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh. He was born in 1828 in Banaras district of Uttar Pradesh. Dalhousie was the Governor of India at that time. He participated in the first freedom struggle of 1857. The British made a plan to grab their state by creating a state grab policy. He refused to make Damodar Rao, the adopted son of Rani Laxmibai the king. On 18 June 1858, Rani Laxmibai died while fighting the British army at Kota’s inn near Gwalior.
16. Lal Bahadur Shastri
He gave the slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan”. He was born on 2 October 1904 in Mughal Sarai. He participated in many movements to liberate the country. Non-cooperation movement in 1921, Dandi in 1930, played a major role in Quit India movement in 1942 .
He was the second Prime Minister of India. He had a severe defeat in the Indo-Pak war in 1965 in Pakistan. He is known for his simplicity, patriotism, honesty. He was posthumously awarded the “Bharat Ratna”.
17. Mangal Pandey
He played a major role in the first freedom struggle of 1857. His child knows his name. Mangal Pandey was born on 19 July 1827 in Ballia into a Brahmin family. On 21 March 1857, he attacked Lt Bagh and injured him.
On 8 April 1857, he was hanged for rebellion. After hanging Mangal Pandey, rebellion and rebellion against the British spread throughout North India. The Government of India released a postage stamp in 1984 in his memory.
18. Jawaharlal Nehru
He was born on 14 November 1889 in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh. He played a central role in India’s freedom struggle. He loved children very much. The children used to call him Chacha Nehru affectionately. Influenced by Mahatma Gandhi, he participated in the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1929 . Read also – Biography of Ram Manohar Lohia Biography Of Ram Manohar Lohiya in Hindi
Abandoned western clothes and foreign property. He started wearing Khadi Kurta and cap. Took an active part in the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1920–1922 and were arrested for the first time during this period. He was released after a few months.
19. Lala Lajpat Rai
He was the leading freedom fighter of India. They are also called Punjab Kesari. He was born on 28 January 1865 in Punjab. He was one of the three prominent leaders of the Bharatiya Garam Dal, Lal-Bal-Pal.
In 1928, he participated in a demonstration against the Simon Commission. He was badly injured in the lathi charge. He died on 14 November 1928. He founded the Punjab National Bank.
20. Bal Gangadhar Tilak
He was a freedom fighter, social reformer and lawyer. He was born on 23 July 1856 in Ratnagiri district. He was a staunch opponent of English education. They believed that English education teaches disrespect towards Indian culture .
He was given the title of “Lokmanya”. “Swaraj is our birthright and I will take it only,” he gave this slogan. He had to go to jail many times because of his writings in a newspaper called Kesari.
21. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar is known as Swatantryaveer Savarkar in Marathi. He was born on 28 May 1883, in Bhagur, Bombay. He was an Indian independence activist and politician who formulated the Hindu nationalist philosophy. He was also a leading figure in the Hindu Mahasabha. He died on February 26, 1966 at his home in Bombay.
22. Chandrashekhar Azad
They belonged to Ram Prasad Bismil and Bhagat Singh’s faction in the freedom struggle. He was born on 23 July 1906 in Bhabra village, Unnao district. He became an active member of the Hindustan Republican Association.
Through this institution, Azad led Kakori scandal on 9 August 1925 under the leadership of Ram Prasad Bismil and escaped. He avenged the death of Lala Lajpat Rai from the British rule by killing Sanders. After reaching Delhi, the assembly bombings were carried out.
23. Bhimrao Ambedkar
They were economists, politicians, jurists and social reformers. He has written the Constitution of India. He was born on 14 April 1891 in Madhya Pradesh. He campaigned to give equal rights to the untouchables (Dalits). At that time there was a lot of casteism in the country. He adopted Buddhism in 1956. He was posthumously awarded the title of Bharat Ratna.
Also Read: Essay on BR Ambedkar
24. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
He became the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister after India’s independence. Patel is also known as the Bismarck and Iron Man of India for playing a central role in the freedom movement, he was born on 31 October 1875 in Nadiad Gujarat. In 1928, he led the Bardoli movement in Gujarat.
He became the Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister. Patel is also known as the Bismarck and Iron Man of India for playing a central role in the freedom movement, he was born on 31 October 1875 in Nadiad Gujarat. In 1928, he led the Bardoli movement in Gujarat.
In this article, you read in detail the names of Indian freedom fighters. Apart from this, Begum Hazrat Mahal, Ganesh Vidyarthi, Jai Prakash Narayan, Batukeshwar Dutt, Ashfaq Ali, Rabindranath Tagore , Vipinchandra Pal, Nana Saheb, Chiranjan Das, Raja Rammohan Roy played a major role in the freedom struggle of the country.
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