Get here essay on article 370 and 35a in English. This amendment in indian constitution is very historic in the history of india. This essay is usefull for all school students of class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 10, 11, 12. under this decision Amit shah removed the article 370 and 35a from jammu & kashmir. Here we have covered all the facts and rules related to this amendment of law in 100, 200, 300, 450 words. Also you get this information in short and long paragraphs like 10 lines. Also these details are usefull for UPSC and SSC essay writing exams. Let’s check this out in details.
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Modi government has taken the biggest decision on Kashmir issue. Under this, section 370 giving special status to the state has been removed. Home Minister Amit Shah proposed in Rajya Sabha that in Jammu and Kashmir, only clause 1 will remain in force in 370. The government has introduced a bill in the Rajya Sabha, in which it has been proposed to divide the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories. These two states will be Ladakh and Jammu & Kashmir.
Some political parties have supported this proposal to remove Article 370 of Home Minister Amit Shah and some are in opposition. Apart from Section 370, Article 35A is also applicable in Jammu and Kashmir. This article also gives special rights to the citizens of the state in some cases. Let us see what Article 370 and Article 35A are
Also read: Essay on indian constitution
On 14 May 1954, President Dr Rajendra Prasad passed an order. Through this, a new Article 35A was added to the Constitution. This article empowers the state legislature to define permanent residents in Jammu and Kashmir. According to the constitution of Jammu and Kashmir, a permanent citizen of the state is one who has been a citizen of the state from 14 May 1954 or has been living in the state for 10 years or before that.
Also read: Essay on Rajendra prasad
Due to Section 35A, no person outside can take property nor permanently settle in Jammu and Kashmir. The Urban Land Act of 1976 does not apply in Jammu and Kashmir. Apart from this, people from outside states cannot do state government jobs. These include Hindu families settled in Jammu in 1947 called refugees.
After independence, Jammu and Kashmir became a part of India and Sheikh Abdullah took over the power of Jammu and Kashmir. After that he talkekd to PM Jawaharlal Nehru about the political relationship of Jammu & Kashmir. As a result of this conversation, Article 370 was in Constitution.
In the year 1952, an agreement was reached between Sheikh Abdullah and Nehru, which is known as the Delhi Pact of 1952. Article 35A was added to the constitution in 1954 after the agreement.
In a statement in the Rajya Sabha, Home Minister of India Amit Shah informed about the removal of Article 370 except one.
With the removal of Article 370 article 35A will also be removed. Let me tell you that Jammu and Kashmir has been granted special state status by Articles 35A and 370 of the Constitution.
This is a temporary article which can also be abolished if required, so some political parties have also been against it.
As per the provisions of section 370, Parliament has the right to make laws regarding defense, foreign affairs and communication about Jammu and Kashmir but to implement the law related to any other subject, the Center needs the state government Requires approval.
Hope the detailed provided by us on Article 370 and 35a is helpful for you.
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