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‘Makar Sankranti’ is a popular festival of Hindus. It is celebrated in many parts of India and also in some other parts. Makar Sankranti is generally celebrated on 14 January every year. This festival is one of the few Indian Hindu festivals celebrated on a fixed date.
According to Hindu calendar, this festival is celebrated only when the sun comes on Capricorn during Posh month. On this festival, Sun enters Capricorn except Sagittarius. The Uttarayan motion of the Sun also starts from the day of Makar Sankranti. That is why this festival is sometimes called Uttarayani.
Makar Sankranti is mainly a ‘festival of charity’. The first bath of Magh Mela starts from Makar Sankranti and continues till the last bath of Shivaratri. There is also a tradition of giving donations after bathing on the day of Makar Sankranti. In the state of Uttar Pradesh, India, this festival is also known as Khichdi. On this day eating khichdi and donating khichdi is of utmost importance.
Also read: 10 Lines on Makar Sakranti
The festival of Makar Sankranti is one of the major festivals of the Hindu religion, which is celebrated when the sun rises. The special thing of this festival is that it is celebrated not on different dates like other festivals, but only on January 14 every year, when the sun passes through the Tropic of Capricorn on Uttarayan.
Sometimes it is celebrated one day before or after, ie on 13 or 15 January, but it happens rarely. Makar Sankranti is directly related to the geography of the Earth and the position of the Sun. Whenever the sun comes on the Makar Rekha, the day is January 14, so on this day, the festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated.
From the astrological point of view, on this day the Sun enters Capricorn, except Sagittarius and the movement of Uttarayan of Sun starts.
The festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated differently in different areas of India. In Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Karnataka it is called Sankranti and in Tamil Nadu it is celebrated as Pongal festival. In Punjab and Haryana, new crop is welcomed at this time and Lohri festival is celebrated, whereas in Assam, this festival is celebrated with enthusiasm as Bihu. Its name and manner of celebration varies in each province.
Makar Sankranti is a festival celebrated with great joy by the people of Hindu and Buddhism. It is celebrated all over India but with different names such as Pongal, Utrayan etc. It is celebrated every year on the Shukla Paksha ofposh month. It is celebrated on 14 January. It is celebrated at the time of sunrise, that is, when the sun starts moving towards the descending direction from the south and due to this, the days become longer and the nights are shorter.
According to astrology, the entry of Sun from one zodiac to another is called Sankranti and on this day the Sun enters Capricorn from Sagittarius. Therefore, it is called Makar Sankranti. It is also celebrated in the joy of good harvests of crops. This festival is completely associated with the Sun God. On this day, Sun God is worshiped and water is offered to them. On this day rice and sesame seeds and khichdi are very important. People donate raw khichdi to the poor.
Sesame and jaggery also matter a lot, different sweets of sesame and jaggery are made in the houses. People eat peanuts, revdis and distribute them among others. People visit the pilgrimage sites to bath and worship. Donating on this day feels a hundred times more virtuous. The fields filled with mustard look very enchanting. The festival also marks the arrival of spring season. On this day people also celebrate by flying kites. In schools also, children celebrate the festival of Makar Sankranti by flying kites. Some people also donate blankets etc. to the needy people. The entire atmosphere is immersed in a wave of excitement.
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